Obesity

Obesity and Morbid Obesity

Obesity and Morbid Obesity are serious health conditions with symptoms that build slowly over an extended period of time. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) define morbid obesity as: 

  • Being 100 pounds or more above your ideal body weight
  • Or, having a Body Mass Index (BMI) link to BMI Calculator of 40 or greater
  • Or, having a BMI of 35 or greater and one or more co-morbid condition

An adult with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater is considered obese.

The disease of obesity interferes with basic physical functions such as breathing or walking. Long-term implications of the disease include shorter life expectancy, serious health consequences in the form of weight-related conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), gallstones, osteoarthritis, heart disease, and cancer, and a lower quality of life with fewer economic and social opportunities.

Obesity is a serious public health issue in the United States affecting 39.8% of adults in 2015-2016. And that number is on the rise. Many adults are living with obesity and many may qualify for bariatric surgery.

 

Co-Morbid Conditions

The presence of obesity increases the risk of a number of medical conditions, including cancer. A co-morbid condition is a health condition related to a primary disease such as obesity. These conditions occur more frequently in people with morbid obesity. Mortality rates from many of these conditions are also higher among people with morbid obesity.

There are many health conditions related to morbid obesity, but some of the most common are:

  • Type 2 diabetes, which can lead to heart disease, kidney failure, blindness, amputation of the feet or legs, and nerve damage
  • Heart diseases, such as hardening of the arteries, heart attack, and angina
  • High blood pressure, which can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and vision loss
  • High cholesterol, which can lead to heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure
  • Obstructive sleep apnea has been associated with high blood pressure
  • Acid reflux/GERD, which can lead to esophagitis, Barrett’s esophagus, and esophageal cancer (adenocarcinoma)8
  • Cancer
  • Depression
  • Osteoarthritis and joint pain, which can lead to loss of mobility
  • Stress urinary incontinence
  • Female reproductive health disorder, which can lead to infertility and sexual dysfunction

For more information go to  The Center for Advanced Weight Loss.

If you need a physician, consult the physician search or call Hunterdon Medical Center’s Physician Referral Service at 1-800-511-4462.

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